Simla Agreement 1972 Between Pakistan And India In Urdu
According to the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Simla agreement was therefore «much more than a peace treaty that wants to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. cause the withdrawal of troops and the exchange of prisoners of war) «It was a complete blue impression for the good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. As part of the Simla Agreement, the two countries pledged to end the conflicts and confrontations that have affected relations in the past and to work towards lasting peace, friendship and cooperation. Pakistan ratified the Simla Agreement on 15 July 1972 and India was ratified on 3 August of the same year, effective on 4 August 1972. The Simla Agreement ensured the withdrawal of troops from territories occupied by both sides during the war, with the exception of Kashmir. Over the next two years, all prisoners of war had returned home. (iii) That the precondition for reconciliation, good neighbourliness and lasting peace between them be the commitment of the two countries to peaceful coexistence, territorial integrity and sovereignty and non-interference in the internal affairs of the other not on the basis of equality and mutual utility. That the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means.  Shimla Agreement, India-Pakistan Peace Treaty The summit between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi was opened in Simla on the agreed date. The Simla Agreement Conference was held from June 28 to July 2, 1972. The immediate outcome of the 1971 war between India and Pakistan was the change of government in Pakistan and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, leader of the majority party of West Pakistan, took power on 20 December 1971. The 1971 war led to the dismemberment of East Pakistan. Pakistan had lost nearly 54% of its population, and 93,000 of its soldiers and civilians were in possession of India.
That is why the first challenges of the new government should resolve the ausdematon state of emergency and the problem of prisoners of war as quickly as possible. After the war, India and Pakistan were in direct contact through diplomatic channels, and both recognized the need to begin negotiations. From 12 January 1972 to 30 April 1972, the two countries were willing to engage in dialogue through press releases and discussions began. Finally, it was agreed that talks between Pakistani President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indra Gandhi would begin on 28 June 1972. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  The summit conference between Bhutto and Indra Gandhi opened in Simla on the agreed date.