What Agreement Showed The Spiritual Decline Of England
Most of the Puritans who emigrated to North America arrived in 1630-1640 in what is known as the Great Migration. See the most important articles on each of the colonies for information on its political and social history; This article focuses on the religious history of Puritans in North America. Local commissioners have been responsible for ensuring that, where parts of the abdicated churches are also used by parishes or local communities, this use is continued. As a result, parts of 117 ancient monasteries survived (and still remain) for parish service, in addition to the fourteen ancient monasteries that survived in their entirety as cathedrals. In a dozen cases, benefactors or well-to-do parishes bought an old monastery church from the commissioners and presented it to their community as a new parish building. Many other parishes have purchased and installed old wooden works of the monastery, choir stands and stained glass windows. As it was commonly known at the end of the Middle Ages that the abbot`s accommodation had been extended to an essential independent residence, these properties were often converted into country houses by lay buyers. In other cases, such as Lacock Abbey and Forde Abbey, the monastery buildings themselves were rebuilt in the heart of a large Tudor mansion. Otherwise, the most marketable fabric in blister buildings was probably roof guidance, gutters and sanitary facilities, and buildings were set on fire as the simplest way to extract it. Brick and slate roofs were sold to the highest bidder. Many monastic outbuildings have been transformed into attics, barns and stables.
Cromwell had already launched a campaign against «superstitions»: pilgrimages and the veneration of the saints, during which ancient and precious valuables were captured and melted; the graves of saints and kings plundered to earn all they have to gain, and destroy or scatter their relics. The crypt of King Alfred the Great was not spared by the intoxication of looting. The great abbeys and priors such as Glastonbury, Walsingham, Bury St Edmunds and Shaftesbury, which flourished for many centuries as shrines, were soon reduced to rubble. The tradition that there was a vast action of the crowd, which led to the destruction and iconoclasm, to the destruction of altars and windows, partly confuses the plundering of the 1530s with the vandalism that the Puritans make in the next century against Anglican privileges.